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Home | Research Library

Research Library
History, Music and Theory

Research Library: History, Music and Theory

Port De Bras
Dance Theory
Port De Bras
  • A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. The passage of the arms from one position to another constitutes a "port de bras". Also a term for a group of exercises designed to make the arms move gracefully and harmoniously. . . . more
  • NUESTRA COSA/OUR LATIN THING
    Culture/History/Music
    NUESTRA COSA/OUR LATIN THING
    Nuestra Cosa/Out Latin Thing is a musical documentary revealing the exciting lifestyle of New York Latinos during the decade of the 1970s. It was filmed at a concert of the Fania Allstars at Club Cheetah and throughout New York City.


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    RAY BARRETTO
    Culture/History/Music
    RAY BARRETTO
    Ray Barretto, "Hard Hands", was a Puerto Rican jazz musician, widely credited as the godfather of Latin jazz. He was also the first Hispanic to record a Latin song which became a "hit" in the American Billboard Charts. While Ray Barretto's congas have graced more recording sessions than virtually any other conguero of his time, he has also progressive Latin jazz bands over the decades. . . .
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    Balance
    Dance Theory
    Balance
    Equilibrioception or sense of balance is one of the physiological senses. It helps prevent humans and animals from falling over when walking or standing still. In humans, equilibrioception is mainly sensed by the detection of acceleration, which occurs in the vestibular system. Other senses play roles as well, e.g. the visual system and proprioception. The importance of visual input for balance is illustrated by it being harder to stand on one foot with eyes closed than with eyes open. . . .
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    ARSENIO RODRIGUEZ
    Culture/History/Music
    ARSENIO RODRIGUEZ
    Ignacio de Loyola Rodríguez Scull, known as Arsenio Rodríguez (August 30, 1911 - December 30, 1970) was a Cuban musician who developed the son montuno, and other Afro-Cuban rhythms and is often said to be the true creator of the "Mambo." He was a prolific composer and wrote nearly two hundred songs. . . .
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    ABACUA/ABAKUA
    History/Culture
    ABACUA/ABAKUA
    Abakua or Abakuá (various spellings are used) is an Afro-Cuban men's initiatory fraternity, or secret society, which originated from fraternal associations in the Cross River region of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon. The rhythmic dance music of the Abakuá combined with Bantu traditions of the Congo contributed to one of Cuba's musical traditions, the rumba. The Calle family of Efo origin supposedly invented the guaguanco, a type of rumba. . . .
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    ISMAEL RIVERA
    Music
    ISMAEL RIVERA
    Ismael Rivera also known as "El Sonero Mayor" (The Premiere Improviser) (October 5, 1931 -- May 13, 1987), was a renowned composer and singer of salsa music. "Maelo" was born in Santurce, Puerto Rico. It all started on the very same street Rivera was born and raised on: Calle Calma. There he was instilled with the sounds and rhythms of Puerto Rico: the bomba and plena. . . .
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    Paul Taylor
    Theory
    Paul Taylor
    No one has ever asked me why I make dances. But when flummoxed by the financial difficulties of keeping a dance company afloat, I sometimes ask it of myself. Dance-makers are most often quizzed this way: Which comes first, the dance or the music? This conundrum was answered most tellingly by the celebrated choreographer George Balanchine, who said: "The money." Nobel Prize-winner Orhan Pamuk has often been asked why he writes. The savvy answer in his "My Father's Suitcase" was so meaningful and struck such a chord of recognition in me -- his devotion, his steadfastness, his anger -- that it caused me to ponder my own reasons for doing what I do. . . .
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    Fania Records
    Music
    Fania Records
    In the early 60's young Latin musicians in New York's Barrio brought the music from their homelands into the Great Apple and started period of musical reinvention and free cooperation amongst the melting pot of cultures living in the city. The new sounds coming from Spanish Harlem and the Bronx were sometimes rough and dangerous but always real and immediate, like the New York streets that inspired them. . . .
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    Cuban Rumba
    History/Culture
    Cuban Rumba
    In Cuba, Rumba is a generic term covering a variety of musical rhythms and associated dances. The rumba has its influences in the music brought to Cuba by Spanish colonizers as well as Africans brought to Cuba as slaves. Rumba is more than a music and dance genre; it is the collective expression of the Creole nature of the island itself. Rumba is a secular genre of Congolese African and Spanish flamenco influences, and is one of the primary ancestors of popular music in Cuba. . . .
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    Eddie Palmieri
    Music
    Eddie Palmieri
    Born in Spanish Harlem in 1936, Palmieri began piano studies at an early age, as did his celebrated older brother, the late salsa legend and pianist Charlie Palmieri. For Latin New Yorkers of Eddie's generation, music was a vehicle out of the barrio. Possessed by a desire to play the drums, Palmieri joined his uncle's orchestra at age 13, where he played the timbales. Says Palmieri, "By 15, it was good-bye timbales' and back to the piano until this day. I'm a frustrated percussionist, so I take it out on the piano."  . . .
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    La Clave
    Theory
    La Clave
    In many musical discussions, styles of music found in the Americas and the Caribbean are often referred to as African-derived. Salsa is no exception and the following discussion explores what is particularly African about the music: clave, a rhythmic concept found in a variety of Latin-American styles. Similarities in sound and function to African bell patterns provide evidence towards a theory of clave's origins and an evolutionary link between African music and salsa. . . .
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